Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres - French painter, follower of neoclassicism. Jean Auguste Ingres was born in 1780 in Montauban, France. Following in the footsteps of his father, a small Jean Auguste studied painting and art of playing the violin. The talented boy chose his future endeavors painting.
The early period of training
In 1791 Ingres went to the Academy of Arts in Toulouse, where he played in the orchestra simultaneously theater for reasons of income, since the family was not rich. After graduating from the Academy of Ingres he became a pupil of the famous painter Jacques-Louis David in 1797.
David notes the success he and other student promising future, but in 1800 Ingres teacher leaves the workshop because of disagreements between them and begins to draw on their own. Having taken lessons from David's particular vision of forms in a favorable light, Ingres began his work with the nude male model in the course of the study of ancient art.
A year later, the artist received a prestigious award at the time, a large Roman Prize for his work "The Ambassadors of Agamemnon in Achilles."
During this period Ingres is trying to find a stable way to earn money, began to study illustration of publications, but it does not bring good income. Income bring him portraits. The first serious steps as a portraitist, Ingres does, paint a portrait of the First Consul in 1983. This kind of activity is not the artist came to his liking, he did not consider it a serious art and saw it as a way of earning. As a professional in the business and a talented painter, Ingres sought the heights and in the portrait genre, being in constant creative search.
The Roman period
From 1806 to 1820 Ingres is working in Italy, it reveals an extreme interest in the art of the Renaissance. Ancient frescos, painted the Sistine Chapel, the entire appearance of the Eternal City has made an indelible impression on the artist, leaving his mark on his works of the period. Here he wrote his famous paintings such as "Large Bathers" naked female nature. Here he continued to paint portraits, gaining more affluent customers. So he gets a large order to the web length of 5 meters, "Romulus, the winner of Acron," which he wrote in tempera, make the picture look like a mural.
Roman period, and particularly the years 1812-1814 - the most productive period in the life of the artist. He worked on several canvases at once, often returning to certain subjects.
In 1813 master marries cousin of his friends in Rome. The girl called Madeleine Chapelle and she became a faithful and loving wife of Ingres, to make him happy.
In 1820, longtime friend of Ingres offers to visit him in Florence. Here he finds a customer portrait paintings, spouses LeBlanc. One of the portraits of Mrs. Leblanc, written by Ingres in 1823, now kept at the Metropolitan Museum in New York.
In 1824 Ingres decides to return to Paris, where he opened his own art studio. By David covenant he teaches wards to see a beautiful ideal, perfection of forms. In 1825 he was awarded the title of academician, Ingres transformed into a respected and important figures in the world of painting. Appointed to the post of director of the French Academy in Rome, Ingres returned to Italy.
Late Roman period
In 1835, the master enters into Italy, where this time leads secured and prosperous life. Occupying the post head of the Academy, he is working on training programs, improving and deepening them, creating new courses, the library collects Academy. The author goes on to the career and quest. In Rome, the new paintings are born author - "Odalisque and Slave", "Madonna before a bowl of communion" and others.
The final between Paris
In 1841 Ingres decides to go back to their homeland. In Paris, his pompous colleagues arrange a meeting - with the orchestra and gala dinner. Artist receives a complete, perfect recognition of his talent.
In 1849, the master knocked down death of his beloved wife. Because of the large misery this year he did not create a single picture, although the rest of his life remained operational and active figure. In 1867, at age 87, he was working on a new canvas, "Christ in the coffin," but did not finish it, died from severe cold on January 14. He was buried in the great artist Pere Lachaise cemetery.
The memory of the master
In 1869 he founded the Museum by name of Ingres in his home town Montauban. In total there are 584 works by the author, according to the catalog of the Paris School of Art. Today, many of his works are kept in various museums around the world.
Ingres name is closely associated with the perfection of forms and compositions of female portraits. His special talent was not to exaggerate the beauty of the woman in the picture, but to find it, and pass it a unique charm, which is present in every woman. His portraits "Baroness Rothschild," "The Countess d 'Ossonvil", "Madame Gonzo" and many others represent his highest level of craftsmanship, which has had an impact on future generations of artists.