Exhibition for the 190th anniversary of Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy automatic translate
с 14 Сентября
по 13 Января
Национальная художественная галерея «Хазинэ»
Кремль, проезд Шейнкмана, 12, 3-й подъезд
Kazan in the life of Leo Tolstoy took a special place, and this happened in addition to his desire, by order of the very fate of the boy, just entering the path of independent maturation. Here there was the very formation of the personality of the future writer, when everything is important: the book read, the city landscape, the circle of communication, the choice of the faculty... These are the small things of earthly existence that were brightly deposited in young memory and amazed so much that the emotions experienced again and again will pop up in different works of a mature writer.
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts represents an artistic, historical, literary, educational project that has no analogues to date.
The first part of the project - an exhibition "About Tolstoy without Tolstoy." The embodiment of the original exposition idea of the mediated presence of Tolstoy in the Kazan environment of the 1840s, combined with the view of the contemporary contemporary on the Kazan life of those years, undoubtedly required the involvement of a wide variety of materials.
The graphic series is represented entirely by works from the collection of the Pushkin Museum of the RT. At the exhibition you can see various popular, long-beloved Kazanians, graphic and picturesque views of the city of such artists as A.P. Bogolyubov, K.P. Beggrov, A.N. Rakovich, V.S. Turin, E. Turnerelli and others. For the first time, after attribution and restoration, V.Shertle lithograph "Portrait of M.D. Gorchakov ". The portrait series of the 19th century is widely demonstrated, which brings to the exhibition a special unique charm. These are images of representatives of famous Kazan names: museum portraits of the Molostvoy dynasty, portraits of KF. and AA. Fuchsov, I.A. Palitsyna, V.P. Monasein, N.P. Shipova, M.P. Leontyevoy, a portrait of the Kazan bookseller AG. Myasnikov. The exposition also includes samples of a family portrait of the first half of the XIX century, reminiscent of the home environment of the Yushkov family, in which grew up and studied the first years of Tolstoy’s stay in Kazan, portraits of secular beauties.
In addition, the exhibition halls complement the decorative and applied arts of the era and sculpture samples of Russian and foreign masters.
The exhibition features maps, excerpts from the book "Kazan and its inhabitants" by the famous Kazan-based painter E. Turnerelli; fragments from the regional studies KF. Fuchs and MN Pinegina. The exhibition includes excerpts from the memoirs of various cultural figures and diaries of Tolstoy himself, which he began to conduct in Kazan, and where the first reflections of the future writer on the meaning of human life can be found. From the original documents of the era, conveying the "fragrance of time", for the first time an album for entries and wishes from the collection of the Panayev family, purchased in the museum’s collection on the eve of the exhibition, is on display. Also books and exhibits of the Kazan (Privolzhsky) federal university are involved.
The exposition presents original documentary exhibits from the Department of Manuscripts and Rare Books of the Scientific Library named after I. NI Lobachevsky and from the collection of the Ethnographic Museum of Kazan Federal University.
Thus, like the theatrical action, the Kazan life of the 1840s seems to come to life in the eyes of the viewer, which allows us, at the age of the 21st century, to at least partially feel ourselves in the historical space of Kazan in Tolstoy’s time.
The second part of the project is the exhibition "Leo Tolstoy. The Kazan chronology. " Graduate of St. Petersburg State Pedagogical University. A.L. Shtiglitsa, a member of the Union of Artists of Tatarstan, the famous Kazan artist Ildar Safin in his favorite watercolor technique, specially for this project, illustrated the main events of the life of Leo Tolstoy in Kazan. The curator of the exhibition, Natalia Arhireeva, architect, master of architecture (Royal Institute of Technology of Sweden), conducted large-scale research in archives, funds, depositories, museum vaults and developed 45 subject themes that reveal the life of Lev Nikolayevich in Kazan, on the basis of which graphic sheets were created.
For the first time in the series of watercolors, the life of the writer can be traced, beginning with the history of his arrival in Kazan in 1841, illustrating the adolescence of the writer, the years of Tolstoy’s formation as a person, studying at Kazan University, the history of his first hobbies, religious searches, moving from house to house, which was later vividly described in the novel "War and Peace" and, finally, the departure from Kazan in April 1847.
At the same time, an album of watercolors with annotations is being prepared for publication in order to distribute it in the libraries and schools of the Republic of Tatarstan, which will make it possible to make a study of the biography of the writer’s life in Kazan a creative and informative one.