DAGEROTYP, AVTOCHROM, POLAROID 1/1 automatic translate
с 8 Октября
по 8 Декабря
Главное здание ГМИИ им. А.С. Пушкина
ул. Волхонка, 12
Venue: Main Building, Room 31
Curator: Olga Averyanova, Head of the Art of Photography Department
The exhibition is timed to the 180th anniversary of the invention of photography. The exhibition will feature three rare technologies in the history of photographic art - the daguerreotype, autochrome, and polaroid. These technologies do not allow replication of works, they exist in a single copy. It will also show the first samples of photos created using three main processes: black and white, color, instant.
The exposition will consist of 100 works representing most genres: portrait, landscape, still life, genre sketches, scientific and applied photography. The works will be provided by the museums of France and Austria (the French National Library and the French Photographic Society in Paris, the Museum of Photography Westlicht in Vienna).
The date of the invention of photography is considered to be August 19, 1839, when at a meeting of the Academy of Sciences a report on technology was invented by the Frenchman Louis Jacques Mandé Dagger, named after him. France opened the secret of photography to the world, and the world was surprised to see its reflections for the first time.
Throughout its 180-year history, photography was perceived as a replicable way of creating images, and even becoming a recognized art form, this circumstance seemed to diminish its merits. But there were exceptional examples - processes that did not imply the receipt of copies, and this singularity brought them closer to the traditional criteria of art. The charm of the unique prints attracted many photographers who dreamed of being artists. Technology to create images that do not have repetitions, occupied a special niche in the history of photography.
The exhibition will demonstrate three main historical methods by which a single image is created: the daguerreotype, autochrome, and polaroid.
Daguerreotype is considered the first photographic process - the art of photography began with daguerreotype. The exhibition will feature daguerreotypes from the collection of the French National Library in Paris, dated 1840–1850, giving an idea of the features of the technology, plate design options, typical themes and motifs, and the geography of distribution.
Autochrome is considered the first color photo printing process. It was patented in France by the inventors of cinema by the Lumiere brothers in 1903. Autochromes remained the only mass way of color photography until the mid-1930s. The exhibition will feature autochromes from the collection of the French Photographic Society in Paris, belonging to the period from 1907 to 1930.
Polaroid prints were the first way to get instant color images. The method was patented in 1947 and became widespread in the 1970s and 1980s. A single color print on the finished Polaroid card has in its way turned out to be a precursor to digital photography - the result of the shooting can be seen instantly. The exhibition will feature polaroids from the largest collection of the Museum of Photography Westlicht in Vienna, dated 1975–1989.
A feature of the exhibition is the display of three technologies in one space, presenting a new view on the essence of photography, on its quality as a work of art, unique in its own way. A circulation photo usually has a numerical designation through the “/” sign, which means the number of the print from the circulation, for example: 2/5 is the second print of five. The title of the exhibition emphasizes the uniqueness of photographs: the circulation 1/1 is one of one.