3rd exhibition of the project "Moscow Kazan" "Dmitry Krasilnikov (1903–1951). Painting, drawing" automatic translate
с 20 Ноября
по 16 Декабря
Национальная художественная галерея «Хазинэ»
Кремль, проезд Шейнкмана, 12, 3-й подъезд
A new exhibition of the State Museum of Fine Arts of the Republic of Tatarstan presents the work of one of the leading graphic artists of Tatarstan of the 1920s and 30s, D.N. Krasilnikova. The exhibition features more than 70 works of painting and graphics, books, newspapers and magazines from the collections of the State Museum of Fine Arts of the Republic of Tatarstan, Scientific Library. N. I. Lobachevsky, as well as from the archive of the artist’s family, carefully preserved by his daughter
Dmitry Nikolayevich Krasilnikov (1903–1951) is one of the most prominent representatives of that galaxy of young Tatar artists, which has been forming since the mid-1920s within the walls of the Kazan Art Institute (since 1926 - the art-pedagogical technical school). Young artists, in the first place, were called to work in the Tatar books and periodicals, which at that time actively developed both in Kazan and in Moscow. They transformed the appearance of books and periodicals in accordance with the new content. In their work, they overcame the age-old bans on the image of animals and man, which were strictly observed in Tatar culture, combining the traditions of Arabic graphics and Tatar decorative art with the principles of academic art school and the achievements of the European avant-garde.
D.N. Krasilnikov was born in 1903 in the village. Middle Pinyachi of Kazan province in the family of Tatar-Kryashens. Changes in the life of society, generated by the revolution, allowed him to realize the early artistic abilities. He received the best professional education at that time, studying first in Kazan, then in Moscow in the Higher Art and Technical Institute and in 1933 he graduated from the Polygraphic Institute.
Creative activity D.N. Krasilnikova began in the years of study in Kazan. He collaborated with the magazines Aul Yashlyare, Azat Khatyn, and Beznek Yul, designed books for Tatizdat and Tatnarkomzem, on whose pages his numerous drawings in various genres were printed, created bright, eye-catching covers. His drawings were notable for realistic authenticity and at the same time, exquisite graphic texture and special lyricism.
While studying in Moscow, D.N. Krasilnikov began to cooperate with the Moscow publishing houses that produced national literature, the Young Guard, the Central Publishing House of the Peoples of the USSR, and others. He worked in the Tatar publications in the Kommunist newspaper, in the magazines Udarniklar and October Balasi, where he became friends with Musa Jalil; in the large Russian-language magazines “Projector”, “Smena”, “Pioneer”, etc., where his illustrations and caricatures were printed next to the drawings by the leading masters of Soviet journalistic graphics. In the 1930s, D. N. Krasilnikov began to engage in posters, easel drawing and painting, presenting his works at major exhibitions of Soviet art, including abroad.
The Great Patriotic War was a turning point in the life and work of the artist. He fought bravely at the front, and after being wounded, he was sent to work at the editorial office of the partisan Belarusian newspaper “Crush the Fascist reptile!”, In whose pages his drawings, revealing the atrocities of the fascists calling for steadfastness and loyalty, contributed to the struggle with the enemy. After the war, D.N. Krasilnikov was left in Minsk to work in the new satirical magazine "Vozhik". As head of the magazine’s artistic editorial office, he made a huge contribution to the development of Belarusian satirical graphics. Thus, the young man from a remote Tatar village became one of the leading graphic artists not only from Kazan, but also from Moscow and Minsk, making an invaluable contribution to the development of the national visual arts of the two republics.
The exhibition at the National Art Gallery “Khazine” of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts is the first solo exhibition of Dmitry Krasilnikov, which presents it both as graphics and as a painter, and allows you to appreciate all the facets of his outstanding talent.