Short life of Nikolai Vavilov and a long memory of him 11/03/2018 automatic translate
MOSCOW. The publishing house "Zakharov" published a book by the popularizer of science Semyon Reznik about Nikolai Vavilov.
The writer and popularizer of science, Semyon Reznik, often turned to Nikolai Vavilov in his work. His first book, published in the series "The Life of Remarkable People", whose editor he was 1961-1973, was dedicated to him. The scientific and artistic biography came out a quarter of a century after the tragic death of the scientist, in 1968. Many of those who wrote denunciations on him, tortured in torture chambers, at that time was no longer alive. But the system still did not want to fail and allow Vavilov’s uncensored biography to become public. An order was issued to arrest and destroy 100,000 printed copies. A few months later, the book nevertheless saw the light, already without "ideologically harmful" fragments.
After the emigration of Reznik from the USSR, his work on the biography of an outstanding geneticist and breeder, as well as representatives of his scientific school was continued. The book "This short life. Nikolai Vavilov and his time "was published in the publishing house" Zakharov "half a century after the history of the ZHZ. The publication was timed to coincide with the 130th anniversary of the birth of the scientist. In the work on it, Reznik used all documents, diaries and scientific heritage available at the moment.
The task of delivering mankind from hunger, over which the geneticist worked, could be solved, in his opinion, by the removal of plants resistant to unfavorable conditions. This would allow the population to provide food even in the most problematic climatic zones. Vavilov first proposed the concept of the need to preserve the biodiversity of cultivated plants and created the world’s first seed bank in Leningrad in 1924. It stores about 300 thousand copies of various plants.
In order to collect planting material, the scientist organized an expedition to Persia, after which he visited six dozens more countries. In communication with the local population, he was assisted by knowledge of 15 languages. Neither the difficult conditions during the exhausting campaigns, nor the illness, nor accusations of espionage prevented the implementation of the planned plans.
During the expeditions, he identified the ancient foci of the formation of cultivated plants. The collected information formed the basis of the theory about the world centers of their origin, the law of homologous series, teachings on the biological form and immunity of plants, numerous scientific works and articles on breeding and genetics. Successfully functioned hundreds of experimental stations created by him and the institution of applied botany headed by him. Vavilov repeatedly delivered reports on his discoveries at international congresses and conferences,
In the black belt that began in his life in the mid-30’s, not only and not so much Trofim Lysenko is guilty, an insubordinate rascal with power. The brutal massacre of ideologically alien elements and obscurantism was encouraged by a system that was indifferent to its citizens. The defeat of the national school of genetics, the arrest of Vavilov on a fabricated denunciation and the subsequent bullying in places of detention were inevitable. The great scientist died as a result of the decline of cardiac activity in extreme exhaustion.
Svalbard Globale frøhvelv - World seed storage on the island of Spitsbergen, created by Norway in 2006 and designed for 4.5 million seeds - the materialization of the dream of the great scientist. At a depth of 120 meters in numerous compartments allocated to each country, samples of planting materials are stored. They are protected from any catastrophes by permafrost, sluice chambers, explosion-proof doors.
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