Epistolary heritage of Alexander Blok without bills 09/02/2018 automatic translate
MOSCOW. Publishing house IMLI named after Gorky published correspondence Alexander Blok and Lubov Mendeleeva without bills.
The nature of interest in the epistolary heritage of a famous person can be different. Desire through the prism of the hidden, deeply personal, even better understand the work of your favorite writer. Or idle ordinary philistine curiosity about the details of private life and possible weaknesses. Reason for gloating, gossip, and at times creating frank lampoons. It is not in vain that the archives of many famous people remain "outside the access zone" for decades according to their will or will of heirs. This concerns the personal documents of Vladimir Vysotsky and Nikolai Khardzhiev. Only in 2000 archives of Tsvetaeva, Yesenin, Mayakovsky were opened for researchers.
Serious obstacle sometimes becomes censorship, ideological attitudes, stereotypes. Non-periodical scientific publication "Literary Succession" has faced this many times. Compilations with works of domestic writers, memoirs, analytical articles, began to be published since 1931 on the initiative of art historian and collector Ilya Zilberstein, who returned thousands of priceless documents to his homeland.
Severely criticized was the 65th volume "The New About Mayakovsky," the 66th volume, dedicated to him, was banned. Dubious fragments from the "Bryusov" volumes were dashed out, the publication of Markovich on Blok and Klyuev was not published, there could be no question of publishing works by Voloshin, Gippius, Merezhkovsky. The first acquaintance of readers with Blok’s letters to Lyubov Mendeleeva took place in a reduced version in 1978. The publication of the collection was dedicated to the forthcoming 100th anniversary of the Bloc.
It was published 317 letters of the poet, evidence of doubts, insights, searches for his restless soul. There was not a single reply message from Lyubov Dmitrievna in that collection. The image of a writer who did not leave his country after the revolution, should not have been overshadowed by the flawed, from the point of view of censors, moments of his biography. Psychological splitting, the Madonna-Whore complex. The image of a beloved girl who inspired the poet on a cycle of poems about the Beautiful Lady, exalted, pure and undefiled, was incompatible with carnal desires. Hence the mutual betrayal of both spouses.
The origins of the complex - often from a childhood, deep affection for the mother. Alexandra Andreevna Kublitskaya-Piotukh was the first listener of the poet’s poetry, his main interlocutor and friend. "I and my mother are almost the same...". In adulthood, an equally strong spiritual connection, combined with the tabooing of thoughts about sexual intimacy, arose in Blok and against Lyubov Dmitrievna.
Publishing house IMLI RAS published the correspondence of Blok and Mendeleeva in full, without ideological exceptions and hypocritical bills. The 700-page collection is supplemented with rare photos and drawings.
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