The genius of Russian Art Nouveau, who was not lucky to live in the era of change
MOSCOW. The publishing house "Kuchkovo pole" published a book about the famous architect Fyodor Shekhtel.
History, architecture, psychology, philosophy, local history, political science, memoirs, beautifully illustrated albums on art, encyclopedias. This is the range of topics priority for the publishing house "Kuchkovo field." Books from KP - the exclusivity of content through the use of rare documents and high quality of printing.
One of the novelties of the publishing house is a fundamental study by Lyudmila Saigina - "Architect Feodor Shekhtel. Pavilions, banks, houses, temples of the era of eclecticism and modernity. " The employee of the Shchusev Museum, the head of the scientific storage sector of architectural and graphic funds, devoted tens of years to studying the history of Russian architecture.
Lyudmila Vladimirovna is the author of monographs on the legacy of the great architects: Fedor Shekhtel and his pupil Ivan Kuznetsov, the creator of the Assumption Cathedral of the Iosifo-Volokolamsky Monastery and the Medvednevskaya Gymnasium. The album "Savva Morozov. Fedor Shekhtel. History of the masterpiece "is dedicated to the neo-gothic mansion with a veranda and a winter garden in the center of the capital, on Spiridonovka, 17. It was built by order of Savva Morozov for his wife Zinaida. After the tragic death of a well-known patron of art, he was sold to a widow of the family businessman and collector Mikhail Ryabushinsky. The walls of the mansion were decorated with stained glass, paintings by masters of French, Chinese and Japanese painting, paintings by Vrubel and Repin, Serov and Vasnetsov. Now his visit is possible only a few days a year. The more valuable is the work of Saigina, supplemented by magnificent illustrations, author’s sketches, archival photographs.
The protagonist of the researches of Saigina is a genius self-taught, an architect-innovator, the author of famous buildings in the style of Russian Art Nouveau, a scenographer, painter Fyodor Osipovich Shekhtel. Rich fantasy and love of art helped him to create a fairy tale, materializing thus the main creative credo. To masterpieces of the architect belong already mentioned estate on Spiridonovka, Ryabushinsky’s mansion with a grand staircase-wave, octopus lanterns, jellyfish in the form of jellyfish, window grilles in Art Nouveau style, stucco ceilings, stunning stained glass windows.
Among the best works of the master are the building of the Yaroslavl station in the New Russian style, the Chekhov Moscow Art Theater project, the Khudozhestvenny cinema, the Chekhov library and museum in Taganrog, the merchant Lokalov’s estate in the village of Velikoye, the Spassky church in Byzantine style in Ivanovo-Voznesensk, the wooden church of Nicholas Miracle worker. Of the more than two hundred structures created by the architect’s project, approximately 90 have survived.
The last period of Shekhtel’s life fell to the era of change. The revolution was for him a time of collapse of hopes and plans. The country, marching towards the brighter future, did not need genius creators, romantics and dreamers. Fedor Osipovich, deprived of the opportunity to work normally, barely made ends meet, found himself in extremely cramped housing conditions. He was forced to sell the property, agree to any proposals that do not correspond to his level. Deprivation and loss have undermined Shekhtel’s health. At the age of 66, he died of cancer. Ludmila Saigina’s book allows you to trace all the stages of the architect’s creativity, to obtain exhaustive information about his masterpieces and unrealized projects.