Sotheby’s showed in Moscow the top lots of the June auction of Russian art automatic translate
The auction house Sotheby’s decided to show the Moscow public the masterpieces of the upcoming Russian auction in London. The exhibition of the top lots of the upcoming June auction took place in the State Historical Museum on Red Square for several days until May 20, 2011. The collection included 24 works by major Russian painters from the 19th to the 21st century, including works by Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, Alexander Evgenievich Yakovlev, Ilya Efimovich Repin and Eric Bulatov. In addition, the exhibition presented unique works by Frantisek Kupka from the Hasko collection, which are a striking example of modern Czech art of the first half of the 20th century.
London auction of Russian art, June 2011.
The auction of masterpieces of Russian art will be held in London on 6, 7 and 8 June 2011. The main lot of the upcoming auction - «Portrait of Vera Repina» by Ilya Repin (1844-1930), dating from 1878 and considered one of the artist’s best works. On the canvas the artist captured his young wife sitting in a chair with an open book in her hands. Repin met Vera Shevtsova (1855-1918), when that was only nine years old. Love for Shevtsova inspired the artist to create a whole series of paintings, which we admire now. The portrait of Repin, represented at the London auction, remained in Vera’s apartment on Karpovka until her death, after which she was sold by Shevtsova’s daughter to one of the private collectors.
Repin Ilya Efimovich - Portrait of Vera Repina (1878)
It is known that Vera fell in love with Repin while still a student at the Mariinsky Institute. When she turned 16 in 1872, Ilya and Vera were married. Being 10 years younger than Repin, the young Shevtsova hardly met the intellectual level of her brilliant husband, but she was a sympathetic, friendly and childlike girl. But Repin and Shevtsova were not destined to be together: over time, their relationship deteriorated, and 9 years after writing the above-mentioned portrait, the couple broke up. In 1894 the couple again agreed to finally disperse in 1900.
«Portrait of Vera Repina» refers to the time when the lovers were still well. This is the only portrait of the artist’s wife, who still continues to be outside the museum collections. It is known that Ilya Repin became famous first of all because of his portrait painting, so it is expected that the appearance at the auction of such a unique and so «intimate» work of the artist will cause great interest from the collectors. The price for the painting is set to be impressive - 1-1.5 million pounds sterling.
Another rarity in the upcoming London auction Sotheby’s - a number of outstanding works of the Russian painter Vasily Vasilievich Vereshchagin (1842-1904). These magnificent samples of the museum level have not been exhibited publicly since 1900 and are new in the art market. 25 paintings and 50 sketches make up the so-called Balkan cycle, written by Vereshchagin under the impression of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-78. One of the most impressive works of the cycle is the Shipka Pass, which not only reflects the key events of Russian history, but, thanks to the restraint and minimalism of the drawing, is an excellent example of modern art by Vereshchagin. On the eve of the fighting in 1878, Vereshchagin, driven by patriotism and the desire to «see with his own eyes the European war,» joins the troops of the Russian army as a volunteer. The artist so faithfully and realistically reproduced the war that was carrying the death, which subsequently seriously feared that his Balkan series of paintings would be destroyed by the existing authorities. And not in vain: despite the great interest of Alexander III and Grand Duke Nicholas in the acquisition of the Balkan Vereshchagin series, some paintings were considered too bold and accusatory, and therefore the Prussian attache urged the king to buy and destroy the entire cycle. In the end, the five most significant works were acquired by Pavel Tretyakov, five more paintings were bought by the Kiev sugar baron Ivan Tereshchenko, and the rest of the cycle was scattered all over the world after the New York auction of 1891. The picture «Pass Shipka» is estimated by experts at 300-500 thousand pounds.
Vereshchagin Vasily Vasilievich - The Military Campaign
«Military campaign» is another remarkable work from the Verkshchagin Balkan cycle, originating from a large European collection. To the canvas is attached a handwritten document dated October 15, 1904, written by the artist’s widow in Russian and confirming the authenticity of the work. The document shows that the painting remained in the artist’s collection until his death in 1904, after which the wife of Vereshchagin was forced to sell the canvas to pay off debts. «The military campaign» is an extremely complex, interesting and, perhaps, the most ambitious of all the canvases of the Balkan cycle. Estimate picture - 400-600 thousand pounds sterling.
Vereshchagin Vasily Vasilievich - Taj Mahal. Evening
«Taj Mahal. Evening «- one of the most significant works of Vasily Vereshchagin, written by him after a trip to India in 1874-1876. As you know, Vereshchagin’s favorite method was the image of the same monuments or landscapes at different times of the day, from different perspectives and under different lighting conditions. This is how several versions of the Taj Mahal appeared. The smaller canvas, which shows a view of the Taj Mahal from the river in bright daylight, is kept in the collection of the State Tretyakov Gallery. Two other species illustrating the Taj Mahal from the garden in the morning and evening light were exhibited at the New York auction of American Art Galleries. Recall that at the same auction was first sold and «Taj Mahal. Evening «, presented at the current auction. In terms of brightness, depth and intensity of color, Vereshchagin’s Indian works in many respects surpass his earlier works, including the Turkestan series. The picture is estimated at 250-450 thousand pounds.
Aivazovsky Ivan Konstantinovich - Crimea. Shepherds with herd at sunset
Another notable lot, presented at the London auction, will be the picture «Crimea. Shepherds with a herd at sunset «(1859, canvas, oil) by Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817-1900). A canvas depicts a herd of sheep grazing in the steppe - a theme that repeatedly arises throughout the artist’s work. Aivazovsky often portrayed sheep peacefully grazing in the Crimean steppes and in Ukraine, before the haircut, swimming in the Black Sea, under the pouring rain, or stumbled into the pile under the warm rays of the setting sun. Shepherd themes in the artist’s works acquire special activity in the 1870-80’s. There are more than a dozen works with a similar plot; they decorate the museums of Omsk, Irkutsk, Odessa, Ashgabat, Ulan-Ude and Chelyabinsk. Another picture, «Sheep in the pasture» (1850s), is kept in the Tretyakov Gallery. Estimeyt one of the most beautiful works of Aivazovsky «Crimea. Shepherds with a herd at sunset «is 0.8-1.2 million pounds.
Serebryakova Zinaida Evgenievna - Reclining Nude
Another pearl of the forthcoming auction in the London auction house will be «Lying nude» Zinaida Serebryakova (1884-1967). Bought from the artist’s family by the current owner, this picture is considered one of the best large-scale works by Zinaida Serebryakova ever appearing at the auction. «Reclining Nude» was written in the heyday of the artist’s artistic talent and in many ways resembles the nude from the paintings of Edgar Degas and Edward Manet. And this is not surprising, because Serebryakova arrived in Paris in the mid-20s and, undoubtedly, experienced the influence of the Parisian masters. The central theme in the artist’s work was the plastics of a naked female body, but since the mid-1930s, naked on Serebryakova’s canvases appear less and less. This was due to the fact that almost all Russian girls posing Serebryakova in Paris by 1934 were married, and the artist did not have enough money to pay for professional models. «Lying nude» Zinaida Serebryakova is the property of a European private collection and is estimated at 600-800 thousand pounds sterling.
Of the two works that will be presented at the upcoming auctions as the most outstanding examples of contemporary art, it is worth to mention «Winter» (oil on canvas) by Erik Bulatov (born 1933). The canvas was completed in 1988, shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union, in the most fruitful period of the artist’s work. «Winter» comes from a private collection and is estimated by Sothesby’s experts at 60-80 thousand pounds.
High estimeyt - 08-1.2 million pounds - was the «Beijing Opera» (1918), Alexander Yakovlev. One of the most significant and most interesting paintings of the artist, created during the travel of the artist in the Far East in 1918, reflects the idea of Yakovlev that only appreciating the riches of Ancient China one can know the essence of modern China. Exceptionally bold on the prospective solution, the composition presumably illustrates one of the scenes of the opera The Peonies Pavilion (16th century) of the poet Tan. It is known that later this musical work became one of the most famous Chinese classical operas about perfect love.
Collection of Czech art of the family Hasko, June 2011.
«Divertissement II» (canvas, oil) by Frantisek Kupka (1871-1957) is one of two paintings by the artist, represented at the exhibition and included in the collection of the Hasco family. Both works will be on sale during the upcoming auction of contemporary Czech art on June 13, 2011 in London. Written in 1935, «Divertissement II» is a clear indication of the artist’s true love for music; a little earlier, in 1909, Kupka expressed this feeling in his painting «Piano keys: Lake» (National Gallery, Prague). The name of the work, «Divertissement II» (literally «entertainment») refers to an easy musical and entertaining genre that was extremely popular in the 18th century. Indeed, the canvas of Kupka literally mesmerizes by a combination of rhythmic shapes and colors that resemble dancing figures. The picture is estimated at 300-500 thousand pounds.
Written in 1946, the «White circle» marks the highest point in the development of the artistic vision of Kupka, one of the leading masters of European abstract art in the interwar period. In 1931, Frantisek Kupka became one of the founders and members of the group Abstraction-Creation in Paris. The artist’s painting gradually evolved from the inherent riches of colors to the earlier works of color to the expressed color restraint with the use of only a few shades: red, blue and yellow on a white background. Creating a sense of absolute harmony and balance, Kupka’s compositions refer the viewer simultaneously to futurism and purism, and also to avant-garde architecture. Just like Vasily Kandinsky, Kupka can be called an artist-thinker, who sought to give a conceptual justification for his art. The artist studied colors, optics, cosmology, physiology, biology and anthropology, putting his scientific knowledge into artistic form. The «white circle» combines several «semantic planes»: the separation and interaction of colors, the relationship between earth and stars, the relationship between images and forms, and the dominant orange disk symbolizes sunset and sunrise over a futuristic city. The magnificent work of Kupka was estimated by experts at 300-500 thousand pounds sterling.