Portrait miniature automatic translate
Portrait miniature is a portrait of a small format (from one and a half to twenty centimeters), which has a special meaning and subtlety of execution. In addition, in portrait miniatures, I highlight the peculiar technique of execution and use of the means that are inherent only in this type of pictorial form.
Formats and types of miniatures are very diverse: they are written on paper, parchment, ivory, cardboard, porcelain and metal. As a paint, gouache, watercolor, oil paints and artistic enamels are used. The image should fully correspond to the compositional solutions of the author or to the wishes of the customer, it fits into an oval, a rhombus, a circle, an octagon, etc. A portrait is considered a traditional portrait miniature, which is made on the thinnest plate made of ivory.
Both miniature and picturesque portrait can be ceremonial or chamber, single-figure, two-figure or multi-figure, whether or not there is a storyline. Fully consistent with the traditions of a large portrait, the face in miniature is placed on a neutral background. But the miniature always carries a more intimate character. Small images are inserted in medallions that are worn on the chest, or they are decorated with cigarette lids, watches, fans and bracelets, rings and brooches. To protect the fragile base from breakage or deformation, and the figure from any physical damage, the finished miniature was inserted into the metal frame, with a slightly convex or flat glass.
Miniature portraits were previously taken when men went on a military campaign or a trip. At the beginning of the 19th century, these portraits became part of the interior, in the living rooms, in libraries, in the offices, miniature portraits were placed within the framework and hung on the walls.