The history of the Gorodets painting begins with the XIX century. During this period it becomes one of the kinds of crafts that were so widely distributed in Gorodets of the Nizhny Novgorod province. Craft is not forgotten and still exists. It began with the times when the spinning wheel painted donets and combs.
From the point of view of the technological process, this type of painting is much easier than Khokhlomskaya, which, by the way, also originated in these regions. Painted composition is applied directly to the board. If desired, the board is primed first. For priming, colors of different colors are taken. First, the location of future elements is planned on the board using a pencil. A composition of the future pattern is being formed. If the master is fairly experienced, then in his work this stage is not used. The pattern is applied immediately using paints. The main points are performed with paints of lighter tones, and they are applied on the elements of a darker color, such as petals, buds and others. At the last stage, points and strokes are performed. For this, white and black colors are used. At this stage, all actions are performed by a very thin and soft brush. This allows you to give the impression of completeness. When the paint is dry, varnish is applied.
There are the following basic composite views:
- «Horse» and «bird«;
The first option is most common, because such a painting is the simplest. In the simplest versions, one flower and leaves are depicted. Ornamental compositions are located on the sides of the product. In this way, for example, they paint breadboxes. The cover contains a picture of the flower, and on the sides there is a floral ornament.
In flower painting, common types of ornament, are.
Flowers are arranged symmetrically. This kind of painting is found on boxes, caskets and other objects.
2) The Garland
It is a variation of the bouquet. In the central part there is a large flower, and on the sides there are flowers and leaves, whose size is much smaller. They can have a circular arrangement or be placed in a line. This kind of painting is typical for bread-makers, dishes, etc.
This is a kind of garland, where the flowers are arranged so that they form a figure in the form of a diamond.
4) Flower strip
It has appeared since the times when the distaffs were painted. It is a composition of a ribbon character, consisting of flowers, repeated one after another. The size of the flowers is the same, but they are separated by leaves.
It’s like a flower strip, but it closes around the edges of an object.
«Horse» and «bird»
It occurs on a wide variety of subjects. It occurs on household utensils. Motives here have a pronounced symmetrical character. By location, they can be placed inside a flower garland. If such motifs are depicted separately, the symmetry of the floral composition can be preserved, or may be violated.
It is the most laborious, but the most beautiful. Subjects can be quite different. There are also parties, gatherings, and so on. There can also be plots from modern life. This painting is typical, for the most part, for the panel.