British museum automatic translate
One of the largest museums in the world, the oldest and largest is the British Museum. His collections began to take shape in the middle of the 18th century, and the building on Russell Street was built by 1857 according to the design of Sydney Smerk. The building of the British Museum has a majestic facade, decorated with a colonnade.
The famous reading room of the museum library is covered with a dome having a diameter of 42 m. In fact, the British Museum includes a number of museums of various profiles: the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography, a collection of engravings and drawings, a library and the Museum of Natural History. The latter since 1881 occupies a separate building in South Kensington.
The British Museum contains the richest art collections exported to England from different countries. Especially in the museum are monuments of monumental sculpture, ancient Egyptian art, reliefs of Assyrian palaces. The pride of the museum are the unique collections of Greek sculpture, the creation of Phidias from the Parthenon, statues from the Halicarnassus Mausoleum, named one of the seven wonders of the world. The most valuable collections of Mexican masks, bronze and stone statues from India and Ceylon, bronze sculptures from Equatorial Africa, created 5-6 centuries ago, are also kept here.
The famous British Library contains over 6 million volumes and a unique collection of manuscripts. In the reading room of the library, many famous scientists, researchers, historians and poets worked.
There are no art collections in the British Museum. The main collections of paintings are in the Tate Gallery, the National Gallery and the Victoria and Albert Museum.
The British Museum is so rich that only to skim all the exhibits, you must wander through its halls during the week. Usually, a visit to the museum begins with the so-called Room of Inscriptions, where collections of Greek and Roman inscriptions are collected. From there, passing along the corridor, you can get into the huge reading room of the museum library. Nearby is a hall where ancient manuscripts and autographs of monarchs, scholars and writers are kept. Among them are the sketches of Albrecht Dürer, a notebook of Leonardo da Vinci, autographs of Bacon, Milton, Byron, Michelangelo, Shelley, Dickens, Schiller, Goethe, Thackeray, etc.
In the Assyrian Hall, the most interesting exhibits are the two mighty winged bulls with human heads that once stood at the entrance to the palace of Sargon, the founder of the last dynasty of Assyrian rulers. These creatures, according to the beliefs of the Assyrians, protected the dwellings of people from evil spirits. In the same room are stored plates, speckled by cuneiform, which tells about the battles of King Sargon. Here you can see a lot of objects of worship and life of the Assyrians of the period 885-860. BC.
Plates found in the ruins of the royal library in Nineveh are considered to be extremely valuable exhibits of the British Museum. Each plate is covered with letters and is labeled, apparently in order to make it easier to quickly find the desired plate. The letters on the Nineveh tablets contain information about the creation of the world and the flood, the story of ancient Babylon. In addition, grammatical studies, magic formulas, spells and sacred hymns were found on the tablets.
On the second floor of the museum are Egyptian halls, a hall with collections from Babylon and Assyria, where there are many exhibits belonging to the V millennium BC.
In the northern Egyptian gallery you can see statues, tombs, inscriptions made during the highest economic and political heyday of Egypt. Particularly interesting are the head of the colossal statue of Pharaoh Thutmosis III, several statues of the goddess Sekhet (goddess of fire and hell), the statue of Amenophis III carved from black granite, the wooden statue of Seti I, the lion of red granite and other statues and sculptural images. Many unique exhibits in other Egyptian halls.
The collections of the British Museum are considered the best and richest in the world. The decoration of the collection of ancient works of art called the sculpture of the temple of Artemis Ephesus, fragments of the famous "Treasure of Atreus" (the grave of Agamemnon) from Mycenae. In addition to the originals, there are many casts from ancient statues in the Greek halls.
The beginning of the entire department of antiquity in the British Museum was laid by Lord Elgin, whose collections became the basis of the future collection of antiquities. Numerous finds from the destroyed Parthenon, the Temple of Erechthea in Athens, the temple of Apollo in Arcadia, the temple of Athens-Niki took their places in the windows of the British Museum.
In the gallery of Roman busts you can see sculpted images of famous ancient writers. In addition, the museum widely displays expositions of religious objects of various Eastern religions, the early Christian era and the Middle Ages.
The Natural History Museum was isolated from the British Museum, located on the south side of Hyde Park. This museum is called unique. Here you can find clear examples of the origin of species, natural selection and other stages of the development of nature on Earth. Some collections are made by Charles Darwin himself. In addition to the windows, where you can observe the evolution of various species of animals, birds and humans, the museum also has magnificent botanical, mineralogical and osteological collections.