How to learn to draw a horse Automatic translate
Proportions and measure
Due to their peaceful nature, horses are excellent models. They often retain relative immobility, creating an excellent opportunity for sketching. It’s good to watch them when they peacefully graze in the field or when they are cleaned. There is no long hair on the horse’s body, so the structure of its muscular system can be seen in all the details, it’s easy to draw.
To create a good drawing, it is very important to lay the foundation correctly. For many beginning artists the proportion is one of the main problems, but, nevertheless, if you want your drawing to look convincing, you need to achieve its exact proportions. If the main structure of the chosen subject of the image - animal, human, plant - is transmitted with distortion, then you can not hide it in any way - no color, no bright spots, no shading.
So how do you achieve this accuracy? A simple, effective method is shown below. Select a part of your image object - in this case it’s the head of a horse - and use it as a unit of measure. Hold the pencil at arm’s length, aligning its tip with the top of the horse’s head. Then move your thumb along the pencil so that your nail is at the level of the lower part of the head. Now you have a unit of measurement - «head», with which you determine how many «heads» are the length of the horse’s body: holding the pencil horizontally, you can also say how many «heads» are the width of the horse.
Carrying out such measurements, always remember that the hand should be held out, the pencil is vertical, and the thumb is always on the same place of the pencil.
You can test yourself and find out how good or bad you are able to determine the proportions without resorting to pencil measurements.
Choose an object: if you do not have a live horse before you, you can take a photo (in this case it can be more convenient, because the subject of the image will remain motionless all the time, until you check yourself!). However, the photo must be of good quality, and the larger the better.
Now make a simple sketch of the horse. Do not bother with the details - in fact, you just need to put on paper a series of strokes that outline the size of the head, the expected size of the hull and what should be the dain of the legs and other parts of the horse’s body compared to its head.
Checking the picture
To find out how accurately you managed to estimate the proportions by eye, compare your drawing with the photograph. First, check the proportions of the horse in the photo with the already mentioned pencil measurement (of course, in this case, keep the pencil in the outstretched hand is not necessary) and record the results.
Then, in the same way, check your drawing and compare how much the proportions on your drawing match with the photo.
Mastery comes with practice
Always use the pencil measurement method when you are laying out the basics of your new drawing. With practice, your eyes and brain will gain enough experience, and you will have to resort to using a pencil only in cases when something in the drawing will seem inaccurate to you. But do not be lazy until then and check yourself at the very beginning. Do not forget that in the drawing you need to lay the right proportions and angles in this initial stage. Then it will be too late.
Practice in assessing the proportion, constantly comparing the different elements of the subject of the image when working on the drawing. For example, on which leg does the horse have a length from the pastern to the knee longer, on the front or back? How does this relate to the length of the horse’s head?
Having met the horseshoe horse, you get the opportunity to make a detailed drawing. First, mark the head with the simplest lines.
Then take the distance between two points as a measure: for example, from the top of the head to the point where the head passes into the neck, line A in the figure on the left.
Use this value as a measure when constructing the remaining proportions of the head.
In addition to verifying the relationships between the individual parts of the drawing, you must monitor the correctness of the corners. This can be done by holding the pencil vertically in front of you and moving it in this position along the horse’s body.
Conduct a glance down the pencil, noting under which angle to the vertical line are different parts of the horse’s body.
Rope with a load
Most often it is advised to check the fragility with a rope with a load. To make it very simple - just tie a small load to a thin rope or strong thread. And then just things that raise it on a string, and then this simple device will show the real vertical line. This method is more accurate than a pencil, but it has a drawback when carrying the thread from one part of the body to the other, both hands are occupied, since it is necessary to hold the load in order to avoid its swinging from side to side.