Great Dutchman Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn was born in 1606 in Leiden. After studying at the apprentice in the 19 years he began to work on their own artist.
In his first biblical compositions noticeable influence of the Italian Baroque: In sharp contrast of light and shade, and the dynamics of the composition. But soon found his style of Rembrandt in the use of light and shadow to express emotions in portraits.
In 1632 the artist moved to Amsterdam and took to wife a rich patrician. During this period he was particularly successful, famous and happy. His works are full of rich colors and breathe joy. He writes great religious compositions, portraits and self-portraits a lot with his beloved wife.
Especially Rembrandt became famous as a portrait painter, his career writing for more than a hundred portraits and dozens of self-portraits. It is in the image of the artist himself boldly experimented in search of a particular expression of the face.
Rembrandt first solved the problem of boring group shots by combining the action depicted common people, which gave those figures and natural unpretentiousness.
Glorified artist group portrait titled "The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp" (1632), which depicts not neat rows pompous individuals, and the characters fascinating stories, as if the artist caught in the midst of the action.
Crown talent Rembrandt portrait researchers believe "Night Watch" (1642) - a custom portrait of small society. However, customers did not take a picture, rejecting the innovative idea, where instead ranked shooters showed a heroic composition on the theme of the liberation struggle. Arrows, among whom were noble, these images seemed alien and politically inopportune.
This rejection was the first chord in the tragic life of the artist. And when she died beloved wife, creativity Rembrandt lost joyful tone. 1640s are a period of calm biblical motifs, where the artist reveals all the finer shades of emotional experiences of the characters. In its schedule more graceful play of light and shade, creating a dramatic atmosphere.
In the "Dana" (1647), the artist reveals his aesthetic views on female beauty, defying the Renaissance. His naked Danae emphatically far from the classical ideals, but sensual and heat, like a living woman.
The period of creative maturity Rembrandt came in the 1650s - the time of heavy trials of life. His property for debt was sold at auction, but the painter hardly carry out orders. He painted portraits of loved ones, of ordinary people and the elderly. Particular attention of the artist with the help of the scattered light spots focused on the faces of the rich but subtle emotions, and overworked hands.
Biblical images Rembrandt interpreted in their own way, obviously "grounding the" religious legends, depriving them of the underworld. Often people of the saints he gave specific features people he posed for pictures.
By the mid-1650s has become a true master painter, cleverly conquering light and color images for the sake of emotional expressiveness. But he lived out his life in poverty and loneliness, burying a second wife and son. Recent work by the artist devoted to thinking about the clash in the human soul between good and evil. The final chord was the chief masterpiece of the master - "The Return of the Prodigal Son", written in 1669, the year of his death. Repentant son, kneeling, expressed the tragedy of the human way of life, and the image of the father can be seen very love and infinite forgiveness.
Attribution Rembrandts surrounding the penultimate according to research group reputable scientists on his work and is updated on a course of studies are currently ongoing. "Rembrandt Research Project" was founded in 1968 and has set a goal of authentication and accessories brush master paintings on the basis of a detailed study of each with the latest arts and technical achievements in this area.
Line-up album and translation - Constantine (koschey)