Charles-Joseph Natoire (1700-1777)1700,1777
Charles Joseph Natuar – known painter, teacher in the drawing area, the decorator during the reign of King Louis XV.
Charles Joseph Natuar – known painter, teacher in the drawing area, the decorator during the reign of King Louis XV. Charles Joseph Natuar – a representative of the famous and magnificent rococo style. Born in 1770 in the family of sculptor and architect, from childhood imbibed the concept of beauty and adopted many skills from his father. The family F. and E. Natuara Morikami born nine more children. One of the sisters of Charles-Joseph Natuara subsequently became famous pastelistkoy. Children from an early age saw around him of his father and learned the basics of the craft firsthand.
At the age of seventeen Charles Joseph Natuar he moved to Paris from his native town of Nimes. In Paris, the young artist went to study at the art studio painters L. Gallosha. The students at the master Gallosha Charles Joseph Natuar interested in the techniques and principles of writing landscapes. Later, the artist significantly honed his talent in landscape art, learning from Francois Lemoine. 1921 was marked by Charles-Joseph Natuara the prestigious at the time of the Roman Prize for his work «The Sacrifice of Manoah» and two years later he went to train in Rome, which then functioned known school of painting – French Academy. There, in Rome, Charles Joseph Natuar studied and copied paintings of the greatest artists of the Renaissance. He was so successful in this occupation, which in 1725 received another prestigious and important award in the world of art – the first prize of the name of the Roman Academy of St. Luke. The award was awarded the artist’s work, «Moses shows the Tables of the Law to the people.»
In 1730 Natuar returns home to his native France. Here, he instantly becomes popular and famous due to large volume orders and for which taken. The first such order – it is the composition of the 25 canvases at once, that the master created a period from 1731 till 1740 the ensemble became a customer Earl F. Orry, who, as an enthusiastic art collector, gathered at a large exhibition of famous and well-known works. These works have been performed in the classic sense of the Rococo style – everything from color palette to transmit motion light glare, consistent with the principles and canons of style. Today, 15 of the paintings of this great ensemble exhibited in the Museum of Art in the city of Troyes in the north of France, and the rest volume of the pictures stored in the Hermitage (St. Petersburg), or scattered in private collections.
1734 became a landmark for the artist, at this time, he received an order from the court, which was intended to decorate the room of the queen in the luxurious Versailles. That same year, Charles-Joseph Natuar became a full member of the French Royal Academy of Arts, his opening work was the painting «Venus asks Vulcan to forge weapons for Aeneas.» Just a year later, he took the place of an assistant professor at the Academy, and even a couple of years, took the chair of the professor. Career Natuara Charles-Joseph developed rapidly, and in 1751 he received an honorary position and high artistic director of the French Academy in Rome. Master with success and could take the vacant seat of the royal painter – this place was empty after the death of the then first royal court painter Coypel, but circumstances at this time formed against him, and the position was occupied by a rival wizard Natuara – K. van Loo.
Charles Joseph Natuar continues to write on the orders of senior officials of the state, its customers are graphs and representatives of the royal court. Thus were created the ensembles of paintings «The history of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, « for Count Orry, «Rest of Diana» for Versailles apartments, «Saint Etienne before doctors» for the Church in Italy, Saint Germain des Pres and many other paintings that are now stored in various museums France and other countries, and the fate of many of these paintings and did not know anything. Paint a picture of the birth of the Dauphin of France heiress Mary Zephyrinus in 1750, he received a master for his last order from the court of the king a large sum of money and went back to Italy.
The second period of Roman painting of Charles-Joseph Natuara marked the creation of the sketch for the ceiling of the church of San Luigi dei Francesi. All in all, on account of the artist more than 2, 000 paintings, drawings and images. These works were popular among collectors during the life of the master, is highly valued and appreciated by connoisseurs until his death in 1777. Works Natuara different special style and sensuality – lived more than 30 years in Italy, he absorbed all the typical Italian painting school concept and mood. Particularly interesting are his landscape works introduction to the story of the mythological echoes, sketches from the pastoral life. These influences affected the students of Charles-Joseph Natuara, among which the number of Y. Robert, J. O. Fragonard, Greuze and JB JB platform.